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Australia has had a nationwide healthcare system since 1984 with Medicare. Besides the general health system, all Australians also have the possibility to take out private health insurance with one of the 42 Australian company health insurance funds. As a result, private financing of the hospitals and health services is possible.
The private health insurance covers the cost of theater, lodging and health care as a private person in a private or communal clinic, according to the nature of the insurance taken out. They also subsidize expenses associated with a number of non Medicare related health care benefits, such as private dentistry care, visual, chiropractic, home care and ambulances.
Following the Medicare launch in 1984, when private health insurance was 50%, Australians' involvement in private health insurance fell continuously until the end of the 1990s (see chart 1). a) "Supplementary" insurance only is excluded. Board of private health insurers (PHIAC). 8,712,000 (June 2001) All individuals with private health insurance coverage receive health insurance data2. 1 The National Health Survey (NHS) - 1995 & 2001Since 1977-78, the NHS has carried out a number of five national health surveys to gather information on various health-related issues, covering private health insurance.
While the last NHS was carried out in 2001, earlier polls were carried out in 1977-78, 1983, 1989-90 and 1995. 2 The 1998 Private Health Insurance Survey by PHIS was an erratic complement to the 1998 Anti-Monthly Population Survey by MPS ( see Labour Force, Australia, Anti-Monthly Population Survey, Anti-Monthly Population Survey, Anti-Monthly Population Survey, MPS), which was carried out in 1998.
Objective of the study was to supply statistical data on the level of health insurance according to chosen population and socio-economic features, reason for taking out or not taking out insurance, and the level of admittance to hospitals by insurance coverage. The comparison of results between PHS and NHS should be made with due diligence due to variations in sample and collection methods between data sets.
It is only possible to make a straight forward comparision of the amount and nature of private health insurance for the three SFA data resources for 18+ year olds, as NHS 1995 figures are only available for this group. au) The statistical information is not derived from a questionnaire, but from member information from insurance companies.
Pharmacological health insurance statistical information includes'hospital insurance tables' (which includes'hospital and charges' and 'hospital only') and 'supplementary tables' (which includes 'ancillary costs and hospital' and 'ancillary costs only'). Default SAB benefit divides private health insurance into the reciprocally excluded types "hospital and fringe benefits", "hospital only" and "fringe benefits only". You can regroup these catagories to compare them with your own data in your own program.
Thus, for example, the ESA category "Hospital and charges " and "Hospital only" were merged to compare the ESA collection statistic with the Phyacstatistic. Moreover, by collecting it in a questionnaire, asset-backed securities (ABS) information allows a more comprehensive analysis of the determinants that may be associated with private health insurance.
These include information on "insurance reasons", health cardholders and population. Comparing 2001 NHS absenteeism statistics with 2001 PHIAC focuses on individuals 15 years and older. Nevertheless, NHS 2001 information for individuals 0-14 years of age can be taken over and made available on demand (see explanations on this and other aspect of information sources).
3. The latest private health insurance statistics are available from the 2001 National Health Survey (NHS). Figure 2 contrasts the 2001 private health insurance SFA numbers with the June 2001 PHIAC numbers ("only fringe benefits" are not included in either set).
A similar health insurance development across ages can be seen in comparison, with the 45-54 year olds reaching their peak and the ages decreasing. PHIAC reported 35% of penetration, against 40% who use NHS information. PHIAC showed a 45% guarantee for June 2001 for people aged 15 and over, while the 2001 figure for asset -backed securities (ABS) was 48% (both figure do not include 'supplementary cover').
In June 2001, PHIAC showed that 41% of all Australians were insured by supplementary insurance (i.e. they had either additional insurance or additional insurance). During 2001 SFA figures showed that for all Australians 40% were insured by supplementary insurance. a) Contains only "hospital" and "hospital and supplementary insurance".
Coverage of "incidental expenses only" is not included. Board of private health insurance (PHIAC); National Health Survey 2001. The NHS results showed that 51% of Australians 15 years and older (7.7 million people) had private health insurance in 2001. Health insurance coverage varies by state and ACT, from a low of 48% in Queensland to a high of 59% in ACT (chart 3). a) Includes "only additional" coverage.
b ) There are no independent NT estimations available for this collection, but the NT sampling adds to the NA estimations. c) Percentage source according to age: 2001 Health Examination. Private health insurance was the most frequent form of "hospital and supplementary insurance". Ninety-three percent of all adult (73%) with private health insurance had this kind of coverage.
Persons 45-54 years of age had the highest values of private health insurance "hospital and supplementary insurance". The amount of'supplementary only' insurance fell slightly with increasing old-age, while the amount of'hospital only' insurance grew with increasing older ages (Graph 4). 2001 National Health Survey.3. The NHS 2001 shows a general increase in the level of health insurance combining ("hospital and supplementary insurance") and "hospital only insurance" in comparison with 1995 and 1998 (Figure 5).
In 1998, insurance covers for health insurance were at their lowest-level. A similar picture can be seen in the health insurance industry's data from Philiac, where private health insurance fell further after 1995 but rose strongly in 2000 (Graph 1). Conversely, the level of'supplementary only' covers fell from 1995 to 2001 and was highest in 1998. a) For 1995 and 1998'hospital only' covers'hospital but supplementary unknown' and'supplementary only' covers'hospital not known but with supplementary characteristics'.
1995, 2001 National Health Interview and 1998 Health Insurance Interview. Figure 6 shows similar pattern in cover for all ages in the three years surveyed, 1995, 1998 and 2001. Insurance was higher in all ages in 2001, with the exception of 75 years and the group over 75.
45-54 year old people were the highest ages with insurance cover for each year (from a low of 50% in 1998 to 65% in 2001). For each year, the least covered were 18-24 yearolds ( between 29% for 1995 and 1998, up to 36% for 2001). In 2001, private health insurance was highest in most groups and low in 1998.
At 37-39%, the percentage of persons covered for 75 year olds and older persons was similar for each year of the study. a) Including "supplementary cover". 1995, 2001 National Health Interview and 1998 Health Insurance Interview. Those maps provide different kinds of services in terms of accessing health services.
NHS 2001 can provide separate information for all combination health or DVA authorization card combinations. Figure 7 shows that the share of persons with health insurance card and without private health insurance has generally risen with aging. That may indicate that the advantages of health licence card for persons over 65 balance the need for private health insurance.
Nevertheless, there was still a significant share (38%) of 65-74-year-olds with health license tickets who also had private health insurance. The private health insurance was highest for persons without any kind of health license ticket, especially for persons 45-54 years of age (Figure 8). 2001 National Health Survey. 2001 National Health Survey.
Five arguments for the insurance/non-insurance "Security/protection peaceful of mind" was the primary argument cited by those surveyed in the NHS 2001 and the 1998 issue of Phil. 41% of those aged 15 and over with private health insurance stated this as their insurance in 2001, while 47% of those surveyed stated this as their insurance in 1998.
There is no NHS 1995 information on the grounds for taking out private health insurance. Considering that more than one cause could be cited, the next three most frequent causes for taking out private health insurance in 2001 were "choice of doctor" (22%), "admission of private patients to hospital" (22%) and "always had it/parents paid / conditions of work" (21%).
Elderly people (over 54 years of age) were more likely to take out private health insurance because of the "shorter period of delay for treatment/concern about waitlists of official hospitals" than because of the "benefits for fringe benefits/additions". For younger people (under 45 years of age), on the other hand,'the provision of additional services' was a more frequent cause for private health insurance than'shorter waits for treatment/concerns about waitlists in government hospitals' (Graph 9).
NHS 2001 pointed out that the primary cause of non-insurance was 'not affordable/too expensive'. Approximately 59% of those surveyed without private health insurance stated this why they were not insured. Among those surveyed between 15-24 years of age and 25-34 years of age, 55% in each target group indicated this as a cause of non-insurance.
Interviewees without private health insurance had the highest share of low-income earners (Chart 10). Persons with low income also had the highest percentage of those who stated that they had not been covered because of the expenses (Chart 10). Evidence indicates that the private health insurance bill had a significant deterrent effect on low-income individuals in 2001.
2001 National Health Survey. Medicare insurance sufficient" was the second most frequent cause of non-insurance (16%). Among those surveyed in the first three decades, between 9% and 11% stated that "Medicare insurance is sufficient" as a cause of non-insurance. On the other hand, 6% of those in the 9th decade and 3% of those with 10th decade earnings indicated this as a ground not to insure (chart 11). a) For equivalent earnings, the first decade shows the lower level of earnings, while the 10th decade is the highest.
2001 National Health Survey.3. In 2001, 43% of admissions (most recently admissions to hospital) were accepted as general admissions without private health insurance. Approximately 11% of clients were enrolled as private health insurance recipients. Approximately 38% of hospitalized clients were enrolled as private clients with private health insurance, while only 5% were enrolled as private clients without private health insurance (chart 12).
a) "Insured, but the nature of the coverage is not known" and "Not known whether private health insurance exists" were not taken into account in these estimations. b) The "only additional" coverage is excluded. 2001 National Health Survey.